healthy house institute

4 Free HHI Books:

Creating a Healthy Household, The Healthy House Answer Book, Healthy Home Building, The Healthy House 4th Edition
Your email will only be used as described in our Privacy Policy

Follow us on Twitter



Proud Supporter of:




Spotlight on Phthalates


Phthalates are a group of chemicals used in the manufacture of plastics. They often are called plasticizers. Phthalates can prolong the lifespan or durability of plastics and increase the flexibility of some plastics. In addition, phthalates have been used as solvents for other materials. They are used in hundreds of products, including vinyl flooring; adhesives; detergents; lubricating oils; food packaging; automotive plastics; plastic clothing, such as raincoats; and personal-care products, such as soap, shampoo, hair spray, and nail polish.


article continues below ↓

We do not strictly control Google ad content. If you believe any Google ad is inappropriate, please email us directly here.


Phthalates are used widely in flexible polyvinyl chloride plastics (PVC), such as plastic bags, garden hoses, inflatable recreational toys, blood-storage containers, intravenous tubing, children’s toys, and some pharmaceutical and pesticide products. Before 1999, phthalates were used in pacifiers, soft rattles, and teethers.



How People Are Exposed to Phthalates



People can be exposed to phthalates by:

  • Using consumer products that contain phthalates.
  • Breathing household dust contaminated with phthalates.
  • Having a medical treatment, such as a blood transfusion or dialysis, that uses equipment made of plastics.
  • Living near a manufacturing facility that makes products containing phthalates.

How Phthalates Affect People's Health


The health effects of phthalates in people are not yet fully known. Although several studies in people have explored possible associations with developmental and reproductive outcomes (semen quality, genital development in boys, shortened pregnancy, and premature breast development in young girls), more research is needed.


Levels of Phthalates in the U.S. Population


For the Third Report, scientists tested urine samples from people 6 years and older who took part in CDC’s national study known as the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.
Information about specific levels of phthalates in the U.S. population may be found by reviewing the Report at

For More Information



Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry


Public Health Statement for Di-n-butyl Phthalate:



Public Health Statement for Di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP):


Public Health Statement for Diethyl Phthalate


Public Health Statement for Di-n-octylphthalate (DNOP)



ToxFAQs for Di-n-butyl Phthalate


ToxFAQs for Di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP):



ToxFAQs for Diethyl Phthalate


ToxFAQs for Di-n-octylphthalate (DNOP):


Food and Drug Administration


Phthalates and Cosmetics Products


DEHP in Plastic Medical Devices:



National Institutes of Health National Library of Medicine Phthalates


U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission
The Risk of Chronic Toxicity Associated with Exposure to Diisononyl Phthalate (DINP) in Children's Products:


U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Consumer Fact Sheet on Di (2- ethyhexyl) Phthalate:


Dibutyl phthalate

Di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP):



HHI Error Correction Policy

HHI is committed to accuracy of content and correcting information that is incomplete or inaccurate. With our broad scope of coverage of healthful indoor environments, and desire to rapidly publish info to benefit the community, mistakes are inevitable. HHI has established an error correction policy to welcome corrections or enhancements to our information. Please help us improve the quality of our content by contacting with corrections or suggestions for improvement. Each contact will receive a respectful reply.

The Healthy House Institute (HHI), a for-profit educational LLC, provides the information on as a free service to the public. The intent is to disseminate accurate, verified and science-based information on creating healthy home environments.


While an effort is made to ensure the quality of the content and credibility of sources listed on this site, HHI provides no warranty - expressed or implied - and assumes no legal liability for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, product or process disclosed on or in conjunction with the site. The views and opinions of the authors or originators expressed herein do not necessarily state or reflect those of HHI: its principals, executives, Board members, advisors or affiliates.

Spotlight on Phthalates:  Created on April 27th, 2008.  Last Modified on December 6th, 2009


We do not strictly control Google ad content. If you believe any Google ad is inappropriate, please email us directly here.

About CDC

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is one of the 13 major operating components of the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), which is the principal agency in the United States government for protecting the health and safety of all Americans and for providing essential human services, especially for those people who are least able to help themselves.

Since it was founded in 1946 to help control malaria, CDC has remained at the forefront of public health efforts to prevent and control infectious and chronic diseases, injuries, workplace hazards, disabilities and environmental health threats.



Information provided by The Healthy House Institute is designed to support, not to replace the relationship between patient/physician or other qualified healthcare provider.

Education Partners



Popular Topics: Air Cleaners & Air Purifiers | Allergies & Asthma | Energy Efficiency & Energy Savings | Healthy Homes | Green Building
Green Cleaning | Green Homes | Green Living | Green Remodeling | Indoor Air Quality | Water Filters | Water Quality

© 2006-2018 The Healthy House Institute, LLC.


About The Healthy House Institute | Contact HHI | HHI News & Media | Linking Resources | Advertising Info | Privacy Policy | Legal Disclaimer


HHI Info