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Preparation: Before A Flood

By FEMA

First, get flood insurance. After getting flood insurance, there are several things you can do to minimize losses in your home and ensure your family's safety.

 

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1. Safeguard your possessions

Create a personal "flood file" containing important papers and information about all your possessions and keep it in a secure place, such as a safe deposit box or waterproof container. This file should have:

  • A copy of your insurance policies with your agents' contact information.
  • A household inventory - For insurance purposes, keep a written and visual (i.e., videotaped or photographed) record of all major household items and valuables, even those stored in basements, attics or garages. Keep serial numbers and store receipts for major appliances and electronics, and appraisals of jewelry and artwork. For more information visit www.knowyourstuff.org.
  • Copies of all other critical documents, including finance records or receipts of major purchases.

2. Prepare your house

  • Make sure your sump pump is working, and then install a battery-operated backup in case of a power failure. Installing a water alarm will also let you know if water is accumulating in your basement.
  • Clear debris from gutters and downspouts.
  • Anchor any fuel tanks.
  • Raise your electrical components (switches, sockets, circuit breakers, and wiring) at least 12 inches above your home's projected flood elevation.
  • Place the furnace, water heater, washer, and dryer on cement blocks at least 12 inches above the projected flood elevation.
  • Move furniture, valuables, and important documents to a safe place.

3. Develop a family emergency plan

  • Create a safety kit with drinking water, canned food, first aid items, blankets, a radio, and a flashlight.
  • Post emergency telephone numbers by the phone and teach your children how to dial 911.
  • Plan and practice a flood evacuation route with your family. Know safe routes from home, work, and school that are on higher ground.
  • Ask an out-of-state relative or friend to be your emergency family contact.
  • Have a plan to protect your pets.

For more information on emergency preparation, talk to your insurance agent or visit Ready.gov.

 

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Preparation: Before A Flood:  Created on June 10th, 2011.  Last Modified on June 11th, 2011

 

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Other Articles by FEMA

About FEMA

The primary mission of the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) - part of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) - is to reduce the loss of life and property and protect the United States from all hazards, including natural disasters, acts of terrorism, and other man-made disasters; by leading and supporting the U.S. in a risk-based, comprehensive emergency management system of preparedness, protection, response, recovery, and mitigation.

 

 

Information provided by The Healthy House Institute is designed to support, not to replace the relationship between patient/physician or other qualified healthcare provider.

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